Ilija Garašanin: Ilija Garašanin, statesman and administrator of Serbia who was twice In he wrote a memorandum entitled Nac̆ertanije (“Draft Plan”). Abstract: The draft of Serbian foreign policy, written by Ilija Garasanin, still provokes In appendix is the new translation of Nacertanije by the author. An English translation is also available in P. N. Hehn, “The Origins of Modern Pan-Serbianism – The Nacertanije of Ilija Garasanin: An Analysis and.

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His father and brother were politically engaged on the side of the so-called Ustavobranitelji Constitutionalists. If Serbia wishes to come out from her present subordinate position and become a true state, she must endeavour, on her way towards independence, to take over the political power of Turkey by destroying it little by little; for this is the point upon which Serbian and Russian policies clash, because Russia also seeks to weaken the political power of the Ottoman Empire.

He believed that bureaucracy was the only way for administration to work.

Serbian views were based on the experience drawn from Garasanin’s co-operation with Croats in the s. This goal could be best achieved through the Franciscans there; the most important among them must be won over to the idea of the union of Bosnia and Serbia.

Navertanije by Russia’s efforts to put him under its control for the sake of hers own interests in the Balkans, Prince Milos turned to Great Britain and France for support in conducting an independent foreign policy. Karadjordje was a naturally gifted military leader of very great experience; he was not able to foresee the predominant military importance which Montenegro has for Serbia, and which it nacertznije always have whenever the issue arises of Bosnia and Herzegovina breaking away from Turkey and joining Serbia.

Ilija Garašanin | prime minister of Serbia |

A new Serbian state in the south could give Europe every guarantee that it would be distinguished and vital, capable of maintaining itself between Austria and Russia. The Franciscans were against the Bishop ordained by Vienna and the Vatican.

User Username Password Remember me. Was the so-called Pan-Serbian dimension of Nacertanije the permanent inspiration for every consideration of the Serbian question and to what extent? The time of great uprisings against the Turks was on the wane then, and the role of opposition to the Turks was assumed by the recently created Balkan states.


Thus, Austria must, under all circumstances, keep being the enemy of a Serbian state. Those influences, together with Serbian political and historical traditions, decisively shaped the final text of Nacertanije.

This movement was led by the notables – the so-called Defenders of the Constitution Ustavobraniteljior simply Constitutionalists. This principle will satisfy all Christians, and who knows, in time it may become acceptable to some Muslims as well. It is for this reason that he left out of Zach’s plan the entire chapter about Serbia’s relations with Croatia which was more of a confidential report than a thoroughly developed programme of political co-operation.

Thanks to the Illustrious Prince and Sovereign and to you, his councillor, for whatever thought you may from time to time lend this bloody Serbian crag.

From the moment of its publication, this document has been the focus of scholarly and political interest, provoking controversy and rival interpretations. The internal order of the small Serbian Principality under the hereditary Obrenovic dynasty, although formally established by way of four Ottoman Hatti-sherifswas no less dependent on the will of the suzerain court than on the influence of the European powers that dominated the Balkans.

Speaking to the Illyrians about the fate of Bosnia-Herzegovina, the Ottoman province where the Serbs were the most numerous ethnic group, Zach concluded that Bosnia should be annexed to Serbia. However, the leader of the Serbian revolution also had ambitious plans for a radical geopolitical reconstruction of the Balkans.

Ilija Garašanin – Wikipedia

Miklosichwere not published until a few years after Nacertanije was written. Through Ilija Garasanin’s son, Milutin Garasanin, the leader of the conservatives – Progressive Party Napredna stranka in Serbia, his closest party associates were also acquainted with the contents of Nacertanije.

Email this article Login required. Urquhart’s report on Serbia to the Gzrasanin Office in contained suggestion that Serbia should be freed from Russia’s influence and, with the support of Paris and London, made the centre around which the neighbouring Slavic nations would rally.


Instead of undefined aspirations and unrealistic plans, conceived as a simultaneous series of national insurrections, national unification became quite pronouncedly a state programmewhere the bearer of the national action was the State – a strong, enlightened, secularized and modernly organized one. A Study of the Interaction of Policy and Opinion. JovanovicUstavobranitelji i njihova vladaBeograd, Geca Kon In his book on Serbia published inpresently only partly preserved, Urquhart stressed that Serbia’s role in the future might be similar to the one it had in the past: If we thought of Serbia as merely a principality, which she is now, and if this principality were not the nucleus of a future Serbian Empire, then the world would concern itself no more with Serbia than it did with the Moldavian and Wallachian principalities where there is no principle of independent life and which it considers only as Russian pendants.


As early as the times of Karadjordje the main problem of both Serbia’s internal and foreign policies, was the serious interference of Russian diplomacy and its desire to subject Serbia to its own strategic interests in Southeastern Europe.

Ilijaa have spoken here in detail about the nature of Russian and Serbian policies, precisely because Bulgaria is the country in which Serbian and Russian influences nacertanine and largely are to come into contact.

The geographic position of the country, its topography, abundance of natural resources, the combative spirit of its inhabitants, their sublime and ardent national feeling, their common origin and the same language – all indicates its stability and promising future.

Here the Serbian merchant with his natural products would recognize natural Dalmatian seamen and traders as his nationals, but also as clever and capable people who would give him a hand honestly and efficiently when purchasing foreign wares. On tbe Policy of Serbia Towards Bosnia, Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Northern Albania When we take into closer consideration the topography and geographical position of these lands, togehter with the military traditions of their inhabitants, their mentality and ways of thinking, we will easily come to the conclusion that this is the part of Turkey upon which Serbia can exert the greatest influence.